Neonatal adverse outcomes risk stratification in women with gestational diabetes

Introduction. The gestational diabetes (GDM) is a dangerous medical condition for a mother and her fetus, both during pregnancy and at childbirth. Women with GDM have indeed an increased risk of adverse obstetric events and adverse neonatal outcomes than women with normal pregnancy. In particular, GDM is associated with an increased risk of fetal macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, birth trauma, neonatal jaundice, respiratory distress and neonatal hypoglycemia. In addition, children of mothers with GDM have more need for use of neonatal intensive care facilities.

Aims. To assess the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in women with gestational diabetes diagnosis. To identify subgroups of women at increased risk of adverse neonatal outcomes

Type of study. No-profit retrospective observational multicenter study

Population. 2,736 women with gestational diabetes

Centers. 42 Italian diabetes centers

Promoter. SID-AMD Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group

Funding. SID-AMD Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group

Status. Ongoing study